Pandemics – Protests – Market Crashes – Recession
If someone ever tries to tell the story of 2020 on film, it will take more movies than Star Wars. At one point, we even had to worry about murder hornets. Murder hornets! There’s no question this year has been a crazy one. But it’s about to get even crazier. After all, the presidential election is only a week away.
Over the last few weeks, several clients have asked what the election could mean for the markets. At a time when there is so much uncertainty to deal with, the thought of adding an election to the mix can seem overwhelming. So, how we should prepare for both the run-up and aftermath of the election.
What exactly does the upcoming election mean for the markets?
Short-Term View: Prepare for Volatility
Uncertainty: That’s the key word. Investors hate it, the year has been full of it, and the lead-up to a presidential election brings more of it. As a result, the markets often see increased turbulence before an election. For example, in October of the last four presidential election years, the markets fell.1 We don’t predict the future, but we should be prepared for volatility this year. That’s because there are still so many question marks surrounding our economy and the pandemic.
Pandemic. It is showing no signs of stopping. Indeed, cases may climb again as winter sets in. The economy has improved, but is still on thin ice with unemployment rates still stubbornly high. Investors are watching Congress with baited breath, waiting to see whether they’ll enact a new stimulus package. Lack of progress is blamed for Monday’s falling market. Many economists believe more stimulus is needed for the economy to recover.
Election Turmoil. There’s another reason why we should prepare for volatility: The possibility of delayed—or worse, disputed—election results. Thanks to the pandemic, more people are likely to vote by mail than ever before. Mail-in ballots take longer to count than traditional ones, and some states “will count ballots that are delivered after the election if they are postmarked by a deadline.”2 Because election officials are more concerned with counting votes correctly than quickly, we may not have a winner declared for several days or even weeks. In fact, earlier this year, during primary season, several states needed more than a week before they could declare a winner.
Remember 2000? If the losing candidate feels there are grounds to contest the results, that could delay the process even further, leading to—you guessed it—more uncertainty and thus more volatility. We don’t have to look far back in history to see what the markets did the last time results were delayed.
Remember the drama surrounding the 2000 election? On election night, Florida’s results were considered too close to call. Over the next month, Americans learned more than they ever wanted about things like hanging chads and butterfly ballots. The S&P 500, meanwhile, dropped over 8% between election day and December 15 when the result was finally decided.3
Now, none of this is to say that pre- and post-election volatility is guaranteed. It’s not. We should, however, prepare ourselves for it. Because the more mentally prepared we are to weather short-term uncertainty, the better equipped we are to remember…
The Long-Term View: Follow the Indicators of the Market
Every four years, many say, “If the Democrats/Republicans win, I’m going to sell (or buy) because that means the markets will fall (or rise).” It’s understandable why people say this. After all, politics plays an increasingly large role in our daily lives. Why wouldn’t they impact our portfolio, too? Actually, presidential elections are relatively unimportant when it comes to the markets in the long-term.
A quick look at history bears this out. Historically, the S&P 500 has gone up 10.8% under Democratic presidents and 5.6% under Republican presidents.4 That’s not a large difference and can be attributed to a whole range of factors besides politics.
Either way, the markets tend to go up over time. So does the rhetoric about how the candidates will impact the markets. For example, here’s the opening sentence from a CNBC article published on November 3, 2016, shortly before the election:
Wall Street’s long-running view that Hillary Clinton would easily become the next president has been replaced by a new fear that Donald Trump could win, and it probably won’t be a pretty picture for stocks if he does.5
Here’s a snippet from an article in the New York Post written a few months before Barack Obama was first elected:
…it’s hard to see how a President Obama would be good for Wall Street. He wants to raise the capital-gains tax…[which] would be great for the tax-shelter business, but stocks would tank…in other words, the markets could fall further from their already-beaten down levels once the street begins to focus on an Obama presidency.6
Both these predictions ended up being wide of the mark. In the first year of President Obama’s presidency, the markets rose 23.45%.7 In President Trump’s first year, the markets gained 19.42%.8
Doom and gloom are predicted more and more with each election. Yet the markets keep going up over time. This is exactly why, overall, we are long-term investors concerned about risk.
We are not sitting around to watch your assets deteriorate. We continually watch our market and position indicators. As in February and prior periods, when our indicators turn negative, we will act. We sold positions and waited for further evidence of strength to return to move cash into the market.
Politics is not a technical indicator. Trump and Biden do have different economic policies, and some of which will affect the markets. The markets reflect millions of investment decisions by millions of investors. The President is just one ingredient. Far more important are supply and demand, innovation and invention, mergers and acquisitions, the ebb and tide of trade, and a host of other economic developments both large and small.
Making major investment decisions based on politics alone makes little sense. Instead, we’ll make our decisions based on what the market has to say.
So, what does the election mean for the markets? In the short-term, potentially a lot. In the long term, probably not much.
After Trump and Biden Are Gone
2020 has been a long, crazy year. It’s possible the next few months could be even crazier. In the grand scheme of things, they are still just a few months, and this is still just one year. We’ll be investing long after Trump and Biden are both names in the history books.
If you have questions, call or email us. Consider joining our Stock Market Update Webinar on Saturday November 7th at 9:15AM. If you can’t attend, register any way to receive a replay link. If you have a friend or family member who is concerned about the market, ask if they would like access to the webinar. We will be glad to send them a link. Just let us know.
Thank you for the trust you’ve placed in us. Be well, stay safe, and enjoy the rest of your year!
1 “S&P 500 Historical Prices,” The Wall Street Journal, https://www.wsj.com/market-data/quotes/index/SPX/historical-prices
2 “When Will We Know the 2020 Presidential Election Results? A Guide to Possible Delays,” The Wall Street Journal, https://www.wsj.com/articles/will-we-know-who-is-elected-president-on-election-night-a-guide-to-possible-delays-11596629410
3 “Why stock market investors are starting to freak out about the 2020 election,” MarketWatch. https://www.marketwatch.com/story/why-stock-market-investors-are-starting-to-freak-out-about-the-2020-election-11600964863
4 “Democratic presidents are better for the stock market and economy than Republicans, one study shows,” Business Insider. https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/stock-market-election-democratic-republican-presidents-better-performanceeconomy-gdp-2020-8-1029528932#
5 “This is what could happen not the stock market if Donald Trump wins,” CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2016/11/02/this-is-whatcould-happen-to-the-stock-market-if-donald-trump-wins.html
6 “Wall St. Death Wish,” The New York Post. https://nypost.com/2008/08/04/wall-st-death-wish/\
8 “S&P 500 Historical Annual Returns,” Macrotrends, https://www.macrotrends.net/2526/sp-500-historical-annual-returns
“When the facts change, I change my mind.
What do you do, sir?” ~ John Maynard Keynes
Our plan is “the plan will change.”
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